Vushtrri/Vucitrn

Vushtrri/Vucitrn

Things to do - general

Vushtrri or Vucitrn is a city located in the north part of the Republic of Kosovo. With a total population of 69,870 the municipality of Vučitrn is the 9th largest municipality in Kosovo by population. It has a total area of 345 km2, and the density of population is 202/km2. This area covered by Vushtrri takes approximately 3.2% of the total territory of Kosovo. Vushtrri is surrounded with the city of Mitrovica in north, Podujevo(Besiana) in east, Obilić (Kastriot) in south, Glogovac (Drenas or Gllogovc) in south-west, and with Skenderaj in west. The municipality of Vushtrri has 67 villages.

Vushtrri is an antique locality dating since the time of Illyrian Empire, respectively the Kingdom of Dardania who lived in the territory of Kosovo in the 4th century BC. The Illyrian name of Vučitrn was Viciana which means “The side of calves” (Ana e Viqave). When the Roman Empire invaded the Kingdom of Dardania in the 1st century BC, the Romans added the Latin suffix ‘um’ to the name of Viciana, and therefore it became Vicianum. In the documents of Ottoman Empire, who invaded Albanian territories in the 14th century, we find the name of Vučitrn as Viҫitrine, that has a meaning of “Calves’ fence” (Trina e viҫave).

The cultural and historic monuments left as the city’s heritage, is the main characteristic of the city. The Castle, Stone Bridge, Public Bath and Cesme were built centuries ago and are the biggest attractions of the city.

Vushtrri is an important economic centre, mostly known as the biggest producer of potato in Kosovo. Known as the centre of many factories and important companies of Kosovo, such as: Vipa, GalvaSteel Llamkos, Binni, Berto, etc.

In the centre of Vushtrri 25 km northwest of Pristina, it is located the Kosovo Academy for Public Safety (KAPS) established on September 2006. Initially it is called Police Service School, but from the end of the year 2011 by the approval of Law, gets the name of Kosovo Academy for Public Safety (KAPS). KAPS as an executive agency of Ministry of Internal Affairs provides basic and specialized training for the Kosovo Police, Kosovo Correctional Service, Kosovo Customs, Emergency Management Agency as well to other public safety agencies. During the year at KAPS are trained from 12,000 to 13,000 public safety officers in basic, advanced and specialized training. KAPS Vision is to prepare and further develop staffs for maintaining order and security that are able to offer professional and quality service and win the full confidence of the public.

Country Kosovo
Languages spokenAlbanian, Serbo-Croation, English, German
Currency usedEuro
Area (km2)345

Sports & nature

Sport

The most organized and successful sports in Vučitrn are: football, handball, basketball, volleyball, ping-pong, chess, judo, etc. The municipality now for a long time has given to Kosova’s sports a big number of qualitative sport athletes and teams, which represented Kosova in the international competitions in decent way. A huge support for every sport competition is given by Vučitrn's residents, especially by the organized group of fans, called Ultras “Forca”. “Forca” is known in the entire country as one of the most dedicated and committed ultras to Vučitrn's sport. This group of fans was established in the year of 1993 and since then they never stopped supporting every club in Vučitrn. This continuous support led them to their life motto “S’ka mu nal” (Never quit). In these days there are nearly 500 active members of this ultras, led by Samir Asllani. They show up in every football match of “Kosova” FC, handball and basketball matches, and give their enthusiastic performances and urge the teams to go for the best.

Football

F.C. Kosova Vushtrri is founded in 1922. At that time the Football Federation did not exist so the team had to play friendly matches with other teams. After the end of Second World War, the team became the member of the Football Federation where its challenges to play in Kosovar League started. In June 2012 after constant negotiations between the team and Llamkos GalvaSteel Company the successful acquisition of F.C. Kosova Vushtrri was done established by the name F.C. Llamkos Kosova.[12] The club plays the matches in “Ferki Aliu” Stadium, placed in the south of Vučitrn with a capacity of nearly 5000 seats.

The most successful players to come out of this club are Ahmed Januzi who’s currently playing for FC Vorskla Poltava in Ukrainian Premier League, and Armend Dallku who plays as a central defender for the same club as Januzi. Llamkos Kosova FC is currently in the first position in Raiffeisen Super League of Kosovo, led by its coach Ismet Munishi.

Handball
Handball Club “Kosova e Vushtrrise” was established in 1953/1954 by Fahri Buqinca. The biggest success of this club was competing in the Federative Second Division of former Yugoslavia, with Tefik Mikushnica as their coach. The best players of this club were: Jeton Terstena, Agron Shabani, Jakup Gergjaliu, Fazli Jetullahu etj. In the year of 1960 was established the handball women team KH “Kosova”.

Except “Kosova e Vushtrrise” Club, in 1974 in the village of Samadrexha was formed another male handball team called “Samadrexha”. Later, this club established the women team KH “Vicianet”. Both female and male handball teams from Vučitrn, participated in European competitions, and all of them are competing in the Super League of Kosova, while the female team of “Vushtrri” is the leader of Women Handball Super League.

Basketball

This sport first began in the year of 1955 when Fahri Buqinca brought the first basketball rims and nets. The basketball team “Llamkos” was established in 1955 by Fetah Rashica, but was only registered as a club in the Kosovo Basketball Federation in 1981. Except the senior team, there also was the junior team and the basketball school within the club. In 1987 this club reaches the final of Kosovo Super Cup. The most successful basketball player that this club gave was Ferit Zekolli who played for different basketball clubs in Kosovo, Croatia, Serbia, etc. Other players worth mentioning are Bashkim Maloku, Burim Bivolaku, Muje Ademi, Bajram Badivuku, Bekim Bivolaku, Fatmir Rashica, etc. Nowadays, the basketball male team is in the Second Division of Basketball (Liga e Pare).

Other sports

Volleyball - was first introduced in 1946, while the first male club was formed in 1952, participating years later successfully in former Yugoslavia competitions. Qani Kaleci, Ahmet Cecelia, Raif Dallku, Xhelal Pantina, Haki Mavriqi were the most famous players of the club. Nowadays, volleyball male team “As Vushtrria” and female team “Kosova” participate and compete in First League of Volleyball in Kosovo.

Ping Pong club “Hasan Prishtina” is one of the oldest clubs in the municipality of Vučitrn, which was founded in 1950 by Fahri Buqinca and Sakine Maxhuni. In 1961, Sakine Maxhuni as a representative of Vučitrn took the first place and became Kosovo ping pong champion. She was the first person to win a championship title in national level in any sports in Vučitrn. Xhemajl Cecelia contributed as an active player since 1960 and later became the coach of this club. In women competitions, Xhevahire Asllani was twice a runner in Kosovo’s ping pong championship.

Chess – was one of the most famous sports in Vučitrn. Ramadan Ajvazi, Muje Ferati, Hysen Hyseni, Blerim Zabergja and Ragip Mikushnica were the first known chess masters in Vučitrn, also representing Kosovo in international chess competitions.

Sport facilities

“Ferki Aliu” Stadium - was build in . It is located in the south part of the city. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of KF “Llamkos Kosova” of the Kosovo Football Super League. Its capacity is approximately 5000 seats. Its infrastructure will be improved after announced investments by Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport of Kosovo.
“Jeton Terstena – TOTA” Sport Hall – started building in 1983. The reconstructions of the building took place in 2003. It is a very modern hall used for handball, basketball, volleyball, judo, ping-pong, boxing, etc., and other activities such as concerts, exhibitions, fairs and other indoor events.
"Stadiumi i Gumes" – build in concrete, this stadium was used long time before the sports hall was build. Positioned near the park of the city, this stadium firstly was used for handball matches and later for futsal competitions.

Nightlife info

  • Ma Belle-Nightlife
  • Popin-Bar
  • Luna Bar-Bar
  • Morena-bar
  • Verona Bar- Nightlife
  • Coco Bar-Nightlife

Culture and history info

Culture

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History

Antiquity:
The Dardan Kingdom was established in the year 1900 BC. The Dardan Empire lied in the center of Balkans and included an area that corresponds with the Vilayet of Kosovo of the 19th century. Viciana lied in a wider area than Vučitrn today. The religion was polytheist and the main enterprises were farming, agriculture, etc. The Dardan Empire was invaded by Roman Empire in the 1st century AD. In the Roman period, in Dardania started to develop the road network, whereas, in Kosovo crossed major roads such as; northeast-southwest named Naissus-Lissus; and northwest-southeast that connected Bosnia with Skopje, between Viciana. The ancient locations are known as Gjytete, such as; Samadrexha, Gjyteza, Gjyteti, Pestova, Breglumi, etc.

Medieval:
After the separation of Roman Empire, the Illyrian lands were under the administration of Byzantine Empire. During the first centuries of medieval ages, Vučitrn was populated by the people that came from north and south of Europe. In the first half of the 14th century Vučitrn was a capital of the lands of Branković dynasty (Vuk and Đurađ Branković). Despot Đurađ Branković issued charters from Vučitrn. From that period there are runis of Vojinovića Tower and great stone bridge. According to multiple sources, the region of Vučitrn liaises with the Battle of Kosovo, 1389. According to oral data, Miloš Obilić was born in Vučitrn, from Obilić village. After the battle of Kosovo the Ottoman officers were placed in Vučitrn. During medieval, it is worthy to mention the rise of Raguza colonies, during 14th and 15th centuries.

Ottoman:
In the documents of Ottoman Empire it figures the name of Vicitrine. Ottoman Empire territories were divided into: eyalet, vilayet, sandzak, kaza and nahije. Sandzak is a territory divided into kaza and nahije. Vıçıtırın's Sandzak was the oldest and the most important sandzak of the Empire because there were the ores of gold, silver and seal. Until the end of the 21st century, Vučitrn was a big military and commerce center, with an architecture of oriental style.

Modern:
In the end of the 18th century, Vučitrn started to lose its importance because of the Austro-Hungarian wars, the migration, internal economic crisis and the development of other regional centers. From 1877 to 1913, Vučitrn was part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. Vučitrn gave a great contribution in the general rebellions of 1910-1912. Hasan Prishtina was the greatest intellectual man of the time, who’s patriotic activity was the key to development of education and economy in the Albanian territories. In 1912, the Serbian army invaded Vučitrn committing big crimes. On 10 August 1913, the Treaty of Bucharest made Vučitrn part of the Kingdom of Serbia. The 1920s were characterized with the rebels activity. Azem Bejta and Shote Galica were the main activists of the time. From 1929 to 1941, Vučitrn was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Personalities:
Hasan Prishtina ( (1873–1933), Albanian politician, Prime Minister and nationalist),
Azem Galica ( (1889–1924) and Shote Galica(1895–1927), Albanian rebels),
Mustafe Venhari ( (b. 1922), professor),
Ali Jakupi ( (1968–1999), professor at Pristina and KLA),
Hajzer Krasniqi ( (b. 1938), co-founder of Kosovo Democratic League),
Bedri Tahiri ( (b. 1956), Albanian historian),
Rahim Ademi (Croatian army general),
Ahmet Shala ( (b. 1961), Kosovan former minister and current ambassador),
Feride Hyseni (Kosovan humanist),
Shemsedin Smakolli, Merxhan Sholla and Shyqyri Pllana (first art professors in Vučitrn),
Nesim Spahiu (first photographer),
Selvete Terstena (singer),
Hazir Myftari (actor),
Abdurrahman Shala (actor, producer and screenwriter. He was the director of Kosovafilm. ),
Isa Sadriu ( (1963), footballer and coach),
Ferid Zekolli (basketballer),
Armend Dallku (footballer),
Ahmed Januzi (footballer),
Samir Ujkani (footballer),
Shefki Kuqi (footballer),
Njazi Kuqi (footballer),
Shqipe Tahiri (female handballer),
Labinot Osmani (footballer).

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