Municipality of Gjilan is located in Southeaster part of Kosova, region of Anamorava with a surface of 515 km/². The good geographic position that it has and also being an important centre of triangle Gjilan, Presheve and Kumanove enables to the municipality good bindings with other centres of Kosova and region. The Office of Agency of Local Democracy was opened on 15 February 2003 in Gjilan.
The city is spread in wide lowland. It has good conditions for agriculture and is identified as agro-industrial city. It has mid continental clime, with hot summers and cold winters.
Average temperature of January is -0.9 Grade Celsius, while average temperature in July 21.5 grade. In Autumn, the rain season the average of rainfall is 177 mm, whilst in Summer – 129 mm. Quantity of rainfalls in Spring time is 145 mm and in Winter – 130 mm.
In Southeast Gjilan has Hills of Karadak and partly a plain part of Kosova – a fertile ground. The Gjilan region is determined by river of Morava e Binçes, which accumulates all small rivers, with monthly average water flow 6.7-meter cube per second.
Coordinates of stretching of the city of Gjilan/Gnjilane are 42 scales in West and 21.20 scales in South and in latitude above sea level of 501 and 590 m, while the region from 475 m in Budriga up to 1000 m sea level in border zone with Maqedonia (Stanqiq).
Region of Gjilan is rich with minerals (steel and lucid) and mineral sources (Nasale, Pidiq, Kmetovc, Pogragje, Perlepnice). It is distinctive from the other Municipalities with a more homogeneous paedology. In the biggest parts dominates lands of brown colour in limestone and dolomite and less fluvial lands and smonica lands.
From the capital city Prishtina there are 47km needed to travel to reach to the city of Gjilan. You can travel with the traffic- urban busses that circulate in this destination every 20 minutes with a price of only 1.50 Euros. Also, you can arrive in the city of Gjilan even if you travel from the city of Ferizaj by buss, with the same regular circulating hours.
Sports & natureSport
The most common sports in Gjilan are football, basketball, handball, volleyball, karate and boxing. Gjilan is known as a city of sport and the city of sport lovers. Gjilan is a city with an active citizen in several types of sports where is played by all ages and genders.
It is one of the most famous sports in Gjilan. The year 1922 marks the arrival of the first ball in Gjilan, from the Croatian Alojz Stepinac. In 1936, it was established the team with the name "Gajret" consisting mainly of Albanian players. On August 15, 1942, the club "Bashkimi" was formed in Gjilan, consisting mainly of Albanian players. It operated until just before the end of World War II . At the beginning of the year 1945, the football club "Crvena Zvezda" was established in Gjilan. The first members were Albanian. For a long time this club was dominated by Serbian leaders and players. When Kosovo’s autonomy was being taken in 1945, Albanian footballers refused to compete under the violent power, by joining the club "Drita", which was formed years ago. From 1947 to 1952, this football club participated in the Second League of Kosovo. The biggest success was in 2000 when it was declared the winner of the Cup and Super Cup of Kosovo. After the year 2000, there were two local teams "Drita"and "Gjilan". This derby gathers a record number of attendees, usually between 10.000 and 15.000, no matter in which category the rival squads are. This also holds derby postwar record indestructible when Kosovo Cup final between the rival teams in the City Stadium in Pristina in June 2001 was attended by over 30,000 spectators. It is considered the biggest local derby in Kosovo, and in Albanian land banks, one of the three biggest local derbies in The Balkans, and one of the 25 biggest local derbies in Europe, as well as one of the 50 biggest local derbies in the world. Dirta is one of the strongest team in the country while Gjilan is one of the weakest, but both of them have thousand fans. Its a derby between fans and it became a tradition . During the month of April 2012 a group of female athletes from Kosovo have stood for three weeks in the United States. Where they saw closely the developments in American sport. Over the past year we had 7 women football teams, and are soon expected to join the team of a women from Gjilan.
Volleyball as a sport was first seen at the “Mëhalla e Bejlerëve”. Until 1960 this particular sport was not officially structured and played, but in 1960 the first team was established, named "Partizani". In the years 1972 - 1973 the team was renamed to "Akademiku". Meanwhile the employees of the Textile Industry in Gjilan established "Tekstilisti". After the unification of "Tekstilisti" and "Akademiku" the team "Taftisoni" was established, which in 1981 - 1982 was declared Kosovo champion and successfully competes in the Second Federative League, until the Kosovan sport became independent and as a consequence the team was renamed to KV "Drita" like most of the other teams in Gjilan. Gjilan is known for females volleyball clubs too. KV "Drita" is known as one of the most ipmortant females club in Gjilan.
The handball remains one of the sports has left its mark in Gjilan. Handball started in Gjilan in 1955.Three years later establishes the first club called "Partizani". This team, for the very first time in handball history of Gjilan in 1962 developed the international match with "Taufiku" team from Egypt. In initiative of championship 1966/67,the team baptized "Bozhuri". When for the handballers are created better conditions, after the club found the support of Tobacco Industry .In 1991 the club was baptized "Drita". Since 1960 in Gjilan has originated the female handball, which had its ups and downs, but the biggest successes was after the war, when KH Drita was participating in two finals, while the most prominent players of the team were remain Mimoza Xhemajli Filloreta Ismaili, Valbona Rudaku, Arina Kçiku, Fahrije Hyskovci newer players that are the future of this team.
Basketball- with a long history, since 1956, Gjilan basketball reached his best in the first years after the Kosovo War. The first basketball team was named "Mlladost" and then it changed to "Drita". This team reached its biggest achievement in 1996 in it became champion of Kosovo. In the basketball team "Drita" in 2001 for the first time started coming players from European states making this basketball team one of the bests. In Gjilan there are also several women basketball teams.
In Gjilan's area many races with military features have been provided. The boxing club “Partizani” was initiated during 1972–1973. In 1992, the club was labeled “Drita” and it was contributing in this field till 1997. It has scored plenty of successful achievements. Gjilan’s boxing in the past was considered as a nest from where most of the famous boxers came out and now with a complete success they are managing to continue their work as coaches, where without sloth and without any material compensation, they want their gained knowledge over the years to disclose it to the youth of Gjilan, that don’t include a small number of those who want to deal with this sport. To highlight the results that came from Gjilan athletes in boxing there are many people that have merit, but one of the most people who deserved it is the coach Rexhep Jahiu, who made Liridon and Fatlume to render their culminating sportsman.
The firs karate club in Gjilan "Zenel Hajdini" (later renamed "Drita") was formed in 1972. The biggest achievements of KK "Drita" are noted after the war, by being one of the best teams in Kosovo, while international medals are uncountable.
- DiscoClub Stop-Night Club
- Meteor Club-Night Club
- Mulino bar-Pub
- The Living Room-Bar
- Pro Bar-Bar
- Movida Bar-Bar
- White bar-Bar
- Caffe Bar 06-Bar
- Index Bar-Bar
- Click Bar-Bar
- AGOA Biliard & Bar-Bar
- Caffe Bar Te Enisi-Bar & Grill
- City Bar-Bar
- Follow Bar-Bar
- Caffe bar "Dior"-Bar
- Bujana Petrol ''bp"-Bar
- Urban Cafe-Bar
- Ice boys-Bar
Culture and history infoCity
The visitation of this city can be managed really easily and with a less amount of time comparing with other cities, and then you can visit other villages around the city of Gjilan which have a really beautiful sightseeing.
The street Skenderbeu or as you can see it in different posters Str. Independence (Pavaresia) is a really good idea to start your visit in this city.
The Mosque “Xhamia e Carshise” is located in this street, and has been damaged during the earthquake in year 2001. Now it is being renovated with a modern Arabic style. Nearby the Mosque there is another one called “Xhamia e Medreses” which dates from the 14th century and has special entrances for men and women. In the garden of this Mosque there are various old graves which are located there.
Not far away you can find also the music school, which as a building is established in the year 1800. On the way to the capital Prishtina you continue to the second right curve of the road and there the St Nikolla’s Church is located.
Every January you can join the literary festival named “Flaka e Janarit” which is organized for the honor of Jusuf Gervalla.
Gjilan started to be identified as a city after Novoberda stopped functioning, one of the most important economic and mineral centers in the entire Balkan.
The exact time when Gjilan was created is not known, although according to traditional legends Gjilan was populated since the year 1750.
Gjilan was established from the feudal family called Gjinaj, which ruled an immense part of today’s Kosovo territories. It has been said that Gjinaj family had moved from Novoberda to Gjilan that exists today, and the person who founded this place is considered to be Bahti Beg Gjinolli.
The main river that crosses this part is Morava e Binces, and there are two artificial lakes also: the lake in Lepence, and the lake of Prilepnica. Only the Prilepnica Lake functions. Three rivers flow in Gjilan, Dobusha River, Banjska River, and Stranishorka River.
The natural resources of water combined together with the productiveness lands make Gjilan one of the main fields for pomology (fruit cultivation) in Kosovo. Karavica or as it is been known today Mrizaj is an example for traditional cultivation of cherry’s.
The city of gjilan was involved in fires in year 1830, a reason why most of the buildings due to the time after this year. Besides all this the city of gjilan is one of the most risky places in Kosovo when speaking of earthquakes.